Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953….while having succeeded upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt….after serving as Roosevelt’s vice president. He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe….and established the Truman Doctrine and NATO.
Truman grew up in Independence, Missouri….and during World War I was sent to France as a captain in the Field Artillery….who upon returning home, he opened a haberdashery in Kansas City, Missouri….and was later elected as a Jackson County official in 1922….then, Truman was elected to the United States Senate from Missouri in 1934….while gaining national prominence as chairman of the Truman Committee which was aimed at reducing waste and inefficiency in wartime contracts. Soon after succeeding to the presidency he authorized the first and only use of nuclear weapons in war. Truman’s administration engaged in an internationalist foreign policy and renounced isolationism. He rallied his New Deal coalition during the 1948 presidential election and won a surprise victory that secured his own presidential term.
Truman oversaw the Berlin Airlift of 1948….and when North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950….he gained United Nations approval for the very large policy action known as the Korean War….which saved South Korea but the Chinese intervened….while driving back the UN/US forces and preventing a rollback of communism in North Korea. On domestic issues, bills endorsed by Truman faced opposition from a conservative Congress….but his administration successfully guided the U.S. economy through the post-war economic challenges. In 1948 he submitted the first comprehensive civil rights legislation and issued Executive Orders to start racial integration in the military and federal agencies.
Corruption in the Truman administration became a central campaign issue in the 1952 presidential election….and after Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower’s electoral victory against Democrat Adlai Stevenson II….that is when Truman went into a financially-difficult retirement,…..as marked by the founding of his presidential library and the publication of his memoirs. When he left office, Truman’s presidency was criticized….but scholars rehabilitated his image in the 1960’s and he is highly ranked by scholars.
In this 1954 video herewith….Harry S. Truman plays the song Hail Hail The Gang’s All Here with President of the Musicians Union Chief…..which is a really rare piece of video footage….and thus becomes another “nugget of gold” in our treasure chest of vintage memories here at ImaSportsphile….as Hail, Hail, the Gang’s All Here is an American popular song first published in 1917. The lyrics were written by D. A. Esrom to a tune originally written by Arthur Sullivan for the 1879 comic opera The Pirates of Penzance. The tune occurs in Act II as part of “With Cat-Like Tread” and echoes the Anvil Chorus from Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Il Trovatore.